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Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia

versão impressa ISSN 1809-9823

Resumo

ZANON, Carla Bianca Ferreira Moncaio; ALVES, Vicente Paulo  e  CARDENAS, Carmen Jansen. How is the Gerontological Education going in Public Schools of the Federal District?: A study with elderly and juveniles. Rev. Bras. Geriatr. Gerontol. [online]. 2011, vol.14, n.3, pp. 555-566. ISSN 1809-9823.

This paper results from quali-quantitative field research that supports a master's dissertation. The research sought to know the opinion of 58 students from elementary and high public schools in the Federal District and 54 elderly of the community about aging, old age and old people and its correlation with the presence or not of prejudice. We sought to determine if a group of eight schools develops some actions aimed to form habits, values and attitudes to overcome prejudices and end the generation gap (inter-generationality). The research data were collected through three instruments: 1) the application of a socio-demographic questionnaire and the Scale for the Assessment of Attitudes Toward the Elderly validated by Neri; 2) analyze of eight Pedagogical Projects of elementary and high schools of the Federal District, which allowed us to understand the dynamics of the context studied; and 3) completion of eighteen interviews, five with juvenile from schools, eight with directors (whose pedagogical proposals were examined) and five with elderly (residents in the central area of Brasilia).From the results of this study, it was possible to argue that prevailed more positive than negative attitudes in both groups. However, when they were submitted to the interviews, it has been noticed that the interviewees answered similar questions at the scale Neri and at Inventory Sheppard in a more negative way. We imply that it's due to the existence of implicit prejudice against the elderly and old age revealed through the interviews. Another important finding is the lack of activities geared to the elderly, and/or approach of them with other generations in schools surveyed. Our data suggest that gerontology education should be part of the school curriculum, aiming to approach generations in order to overcome potential prejudices, making possible the exchange of experiences and the improvement of life quality for all.

Palavras-chave : Aging; Education; Geriatrics; Quality of life; Education; Primary and Secondary; Meetings intergenerational; Attitudes.

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